CSIR NET LIFE SCIENCES (VOLUME III)

CSIR NET LIFE SCIENCES (VOLUME III)

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This book is for CSIR JRF NET LIFE SCIENCES and other entrance examinations.

This book will also cater to the need of students preparing for other competitive exams such as ICAR, ICMR, GATE, TIFR, DBT, IISc, JNU, DU, BHU, M.Sc. Indian Civil Services, Indian Forest Services (IFS), Provincial Civil Services (PCS)  etc. Although the book is designed keeping in mind the CSIR- UGC syllabus for Life Sciences, however, the undergraduate and post-graduate students of various universities across the country will also find this book useful.

The book is simple and has been designed as per the latest syllabus. For the ease of understanding the book is organized into 13 chapters within IV Volumes. This book, the volume I of the series concentrates on the first three units of the syllabus, namely:

UNIT - 7: SYSTEM PHYSIOLOGY - ANIMAL

UNIT - 9: DIVERSITY OF LIFE FORMS

UNIT - 10: BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPES

The book is simple and has been designed as per the latest syllabus. For the ease of understanding the book is organized into 13 chapters within IV volumes. This book, the Volume III of the series concentrates on the 7th, 9th, and 10th units of the syllabus. An honest effort has been made to cover and provide updated information in all the sections and subsections under each unit so as to enrich the knowledge and understanding of the students in related topics. 

The content of the volumes are:

LIFE SCIENCES (Gateway to Success), VOLUME - III

UNIT - 7: SYSTEM PHYSIOLOGY - ANIMAL: 1 - 177
A. Blood and circulation - Blood corpuscles, haemopoiesis and formed elements, plasma function, blood volume, blood volume regulation, blood groups, haemoglobin, immunity,  haemostasis.  1 - 10
B. Cardiovascular System: Comparative anatomy of heart structure, myogenic heart, specialized tissue, ECG – its principle and significance, cardiac cycle, heart as a pump, blood pressure, neural and chemical regulation of all above. 11 - 23
C. Respiratory system - Comparison of respiration in different species, anatomical considerations, transport of gases, exchange of gases, waste elimination, neural and chemical regulation of respiration. 24 - 34
D. Nervous system - Neurons, action potential, gross neuroanatomy of the brain and spinal cord, central and peripheral nervous system, neural control of muscle tone and posture. 35 - 60
E. Sense organs - Vision, hearing and tactile response. 61 - 74
F. Excretory system - Comparative physiology of excretion, kidney, urine formation, urine concentration, waste elimination, micturition, regulation of water balance, blood volume, blood pressure, electrolyte balance, acid-base balance. 75 - 92
G. Thermoregulation - Comfort zone, body temperature – physical, chemical, neural regulation, acclimatization. 93 - 103 
H. Stress and adaptation 104 - 110
I. Digestive system - Digestion, absorption, energy balance, BMR. 111 - 127
J. Endocrinology and reproduction - Endocrine glands, basic mechanism of hormone action, hormones and diseases; reproductive processes, gametogenesis, ovulation, neuroendocrine regulation 128 - 177

UNIT - 9: DIVERSITY OF LIFE FORMS 178-256
A. Principles & methods of taxonomy- Concepts of species and hierarchical taxa, biological nomenclature, classical & quantitative methods of taxonomy of plants, animals and microorganisms.178 - 203
B. Levels of structural organization- Unicellular, colonial and multicellular forms. Levels of organization of tissues, organs & systems. Comparative anatomy, adaptive radiation, adaptive modifications. 204 - 215
C. Outline classification of plants, animals & microorganisms - Important criteria used for classification in each taxon. Classification of plants, animals and microorganisms. Evolutionary relationships among taxa.  216 - 233
D. Natural history of Indian subcontinent - Major habitat types of the subcontinent, geographic origins and migrations of species. Common Indian mammals, birds. Seasonality and phenology of the subcontinent.  234 - 242
E. Organisms of health & agricultural importance - Common parasites and pathogens of humans, domestic animals and crops. 243 - 256

UNIT - 10: ECOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES 257- 441
A. The Environment- Physical environment; biotic environment; biotic and abiotic interactions. 257 - 273
B. Habitat and Niche: Concept of habitat and niche; niche width and overlap; fundamental and realized niche; resource partitioning; character displacement. 274 - 279
C. Population Ecology: Characteristics of a population; population growth curves; population regulation; life history strategies (r and K selection); concept of metapopulation –  demes and dispersal, interdemic extinctions, age structured populations. 280 - 296
D. Species Interactions: Types of interactions, interspecific competition, herbivory, carnivory, pollination, symbiosis. 297 - 312
E. Community Ecology: Nature of communities; community structure and attributes; levels of species diversity and its measurement; edges and ecotones. 313 -323
F. Ecological Succession: Types; mechanisms; changes involved in succession; concept of climax. 324 - 329
G. Ecosystem Ecology: Ecosystem structure; ecosystem function; energy flow and mineral cycling (C,N,P); primary production and decomposition; structure and function of some Indian ecosystems: terrestrial (forest, grassland) and aquatic (fresh water, marine,  estuarine). 330 - 364
H. Biogeography: Major terrestrial biomes; theory of island biogeography;
biogeographical zones of India. 365 - 383
I. Applied Ecology: Environmental pollution; global environmental change; biodiversity: status, monitoring and documentation; major drivers of biodiversity change; biodiversity  management approaches. 384 - 412
J. Conservation Biology: Principles of conservation, major approaches to management, Indian case studies on conservation/management strategy (Project Tiger, Biosphere reserves). 413 - 441